Oslo's electric vehicle campaign features in our latest 'cities in action' case study.
The transport sector accounts for 60% of emissions in Oslo. So when the city adopted a ten-point plan to reduce CO2 emissions in 2008, the large-scale introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) became a central part of its strategy.
To encourage citizens to choose an EV over a conventional car, Oslo's first move was to install 400 free charging points with free parking across the city. As the charging points are very visible to passers by, this has the added benefit of helping to raise awareness of EVs.
In 2013, the city decided that all municipal vehicles should be emissions-free by 2015. It has allocated special funds for agencies to use when replacing vehicles.
There are a number of other measures in place in Oslo to make owning and driving an EV an attractive option. Some of these are local initiatives and some are national. They include the use of bus lanes, free access to toll roads, and the removal of VAT from sales of EVs.
As a result of the measures it has put in place, the city has seen an increase of over 2,000 EVs on the road, and sales have doubled.
"As the number of electric vehicles continues to grow, the city will continue to develop its network of public charging points," says Stian Berger Røsland, governing mayor of Oslo. The city hopes to have 700 charging points in place by the end of the year, and 900 by March 2015.
Oslo worked closely with the Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association, as well as other EV associations, in order to determine where beest to place charging points and to get expert advice on other aspects linked to EV use.
Find out how Oslo is on its way to becoming the electric vehicle capital of the world in our latest 'cities in action' case study, available at the link below. Oslo's project was one of the nine finalists in the 2014 EUROCITIES awards.